On Thursday 16th May, I had the pleasure of speaking at the UNESCO International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Education, in Beijing.

In my speech, I outlined what I think are the two most important AI principles for countries. Firstly, that AI will only succeed if it will make us more, not less, human, and secondly, that algorithms can inform our decisions and policies but must not become policy makers. Policy makers must remain human and must remain in charge.

I then outlined ten pieces of advice for countries to thrive as they go through their AI journeys:


  1. Identify tools to support initial unemployment and upskilling of workers as AI transforms our labour markets. We need to have the courage to deploy innovative solutions.
  2. Work with the media to change how AI is portrayed so that people can realise AI is here already, rather than some futuristic scary thing.
  3. Rethink privacy in the age of big data and AI, especially around personal autonomy and fairness.
  4. Respond to technology innovation with tech and creative solutions, i.e. Privacy Enhancing technologies, data trusts, explainability etc.
  5. Focus on trust as a driver for growth, via trust-marks, audits, agile regulation, and workers involvement.
  6. Teach digital citizenship, rights, and duties.
  7. Bridge the gender gap, by encouraging more women in STEM, reducing bias in algorithms, and ensure more women sit at the table when innovation strategies are discussed.
  8. Develop a framework for skills. AI is not only tech but it’s also strategy, ethics, philosophy and risk.
  9. Analyse impact on professions. For example, what happens to medical knowledge if machines augment it?
  10. Train leaders and C-suite on trustworthy AI.

The outcome of the conference was in the consensus approved on the last day: AI in education has to be trustworthy, inclusive, and free from gender bias and privacy harms. This is reiterated by the European Union’s recent guidelines for trustworthy AI, the OECD principles, and the UK’s recent establishment of the Centre for Data Ethics. As AI reaches every corner of our daily life, it is paramount that these principles are always considered.

Article Author.

Ivana Bartoletti

Head of Privacy and Data Protection
Ivana Bartoletti is the Head of Privacy and Data Protection at Gemserv. Her years of experience in the field span... Read More From Ivana Bartoletti

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